Derek Chauvin trial – live: George Floyd talking isn’t proof he had enough air, Nicole Mackenzie testifies

Watch live as murder trial of former Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin continues

The murder trial of former Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin is scheduled to enter its seventh day at around 8:30am CT (2:30pm UK) on Tuesday, following an eventful day of witness testimony on Monday.

Several senior members of the Minneapolis police force testified against Mr Chauvin on Monday in a damning indictment of the former officer’s actions.

Under official police training, former Minneapolis police officer Chauvin should not have put his knee into George Floyd’s neck, and even if he did, he should have stopped once Mr Floyd stopped resisting arrest and eventually fell unconscious, they testified.

“Once Mr Floyd had stopped resisting, and certainly once he was in distress and trying to verbalise that, that should have stopped,” Minneapolis police chief Medaria Arradondo told the court.

“There’s an initial reasonableness in trying to get him under control in the first few seconds,” the police chief continued.

Read more:

“Once there was no longer any resistance, and clearly when Mr Floyd was no longer responsive and even motionless, to continue to apply that level of force to a person proned out, handcuffed behind their back, that in no way shape or form is by policy, is not part of our training, and is certainly not part of our ethics or values,” Mr Arradondo added.

More witness testimony is expected today, as the prosecution is scheduled to present evidence to the court.

Check out The Independent’s live updates and analysis below.

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Police medic gives more information about how officers should’ve treated George Floyd

Among the most important questions in the Derek Chauvin trial is what kind of medical aid officers were supposed to provide George Floyd, and, relatedly, what his true cause of death was.

Nicole Mackenzie, the medical support coordinator for the Minneapolis Police Department, started to answer those lines of inquiry today during her testimony.

You can read more about that here.

Josh Marcus6 April 2021 20:38

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Just because George Floyd was talking doesn’t mean he was OK, police medic says

Nicole Mackenzie, the medical support coordinator for the Minneapolis Police Department, said in testimony in court on Tuesday that just because George Floyd was able to speak up to say he couldn’t breathe, that doesn’t mean he had a safe amount of air during his arrest.

“There is a possibility that somebody could be in respiratory distress and still be able to verbalize it,” she said. “Just because they’re speaking doesn’t mean they’re breathing adequately.”

She added that the assumption by some that “if you can talk, you can breathe” is “incomplete.”

Bystander video of Mr Floyd last may showed former officer Tou Thao, who goes on trial later this summer for his role in Mr Floyd’s fatal arrest, telling the crowd urging officers to provide medical care that, “He’s talking, so he can breathe.”

Josh Marcus6 April 2021 20:10

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Derek Chauvin was trained in CPR, documents show

As part of Tuesday’s court proceedings, records were presented showing Derek Chauvin was trained in life-saving medical techniques like CPR.

The state put forth scanned photos of a “CPR card” showing Mr Chauvin had been trained multiple times over the year as part of continued education within the Minneapolis police department.

Josh Marcus6 April 2021 19:57

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Police trainer walks through Minneapolis officers obligations to provide medical care

Officers have a duty to provide medical aid to suspects in their care, and Ms Mackenzie is laying out exactly how officers are taught to evaluate a scene to see if aid is necessary.

Previous testimony has revealed that the officers who detained Mr Floyd did not provide CPR or other life-saving medical aid once he was in distress, even as they called an ambulance to the scene.

Josh Marcus6 April 2021 19:52

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Trial resumes with Minneapolis police medical support coordinatior

The trial of Derek Chauvin is back under way with Nicole Mackenzie, medical support coordinator for the Minneapolis Police Department, taking the stand.

She helps train officers in the use of narcan, an emergency medication to prevent opioid overdoses.

The defence has argued George Floyd died partially as a result of taking opioids.

Josh Marcus6 April 2021 19:36

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Trial takes it midday break

And that’s all for the morning’s testimony. The trial will now take its midday break for at least an hour, and Judge Peter Cahill says he has meetings so it could be even longer.

Johnny Mercil, the Minneapolis police training lieutenant who just took the stand, offered somewhat nuanced, complicated evidence to the jury.

He said both that Derek Chauvin wasn’t following Minneapolis police training when he knelt on George Floyd’s neck, but that there are situations when officers put their knees or legs into someone’s back and shoulders, as well as hold them for prolonged periods of time while waiting for an ambulance.

It’ll be up to the jury to decide which interpretation wins out.

Josh Marcus6 April 2021 18:23

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Defence challenges whether Derek Chauvin’s knee was on George Floyd’s neck

During Tuesday’s testimony, the defence argued that from certain angles, it appeared that Mr Chauvin’s knee was actually closer to Mr Floyd’s shoulder blades than his neck.

“It appears the knee is placed in the center, between Mr Floyd’s shoulder blades,” attorney Eric Nelson argued, citing police body camera footage.

Mr Nelson also highlighted portions of Minneapolis police training that allow officers to continue holding someone as they wait for an ambulance to arrive, which occurred during Mr Floyd’s arrest.

“Sometimes an officer may hold a person, using their body weight restrain them, awaiting the arrival of EMS,” Mr Nelson asked Mr Mercil.

“As long as needed to control them, yes,” he responded.

Josh Marcus6 April 2021 18:10

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More information on what Derek Chauvin’s colleagues have said about his conduct

The state has relied heavily so far on the testimony of high-level Minneapolis police officers to condemn Derek Chauvin’s actions during the fatal arrest of George Floyd.

I’ve got more details here.

Josh Marcus6 April 2021 17:39

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ICYMI: Four Minneapolis police officers have now said Derek Chauvin broke rules

Lieutenant Johnny Mercil is now the fourth senior Minneapolis police officer to say Derek Chauvin wasn’t following his training when he kneeled on George Floyd’s neck.

Here’s what other officers said on the matter.

Josh Marcus6 April 2021 17:20

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Kneeling on George Floyd’s neck wasn’t allowed under police policy, trainer says

Yet another high-level Minneapolis police officer says Derek Chauvin wasn’t following proper training when he kneeled on George Floyd’s neck.

“I would say no,” lieutenant Johnny Mercil, who trains officers in the use of force, said when asked about whether the move was allowed under department policy.

Officers are trained to use neck holds on subjects, but are generally taught to do so with their arms, Mr Mercil said.

Josh Marcus6 April 2021 17:00

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